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listeriosis


what is it?

Listeriosis is a severe bacterial infection caused by bacteria Listeria monocytogenes. The bacterium is spread when people eat food contaminated with the bacterium.

The most common foods to be infected are raw or unpasteurised milk as well as soft cheeses, or vegetables, processed foods and ready-to-eat meats and smoked fish products.

the symptoms?

  • fever
  • muscle aches
  • diarrhea
  • headache
  • stiff neck
  • confusion
  • loss of balance
  • convulsions

Pregnant women who contract listeriosis are at increased risk of premature birth and stillbirth.


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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)


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How is listerosis treated?

Antibiotics can cure Listeriosis and prevent a fetus from becoming infected. But bear in mind that even with antibiotic therapy, some Listeria infections prove fatal - especially in older adults and people with serious medical problems.

How does Listeria get into food?

Listeria gems occur naturally in soil and water and can be carried by animals, including those eaten by humans. Listeria is found in many raw foods, including meats and vegetables, soft cheese, hot dogs and other processed meats, and smoked seafood. The germs can be killed by cooking or pasteurization.

How common is listeriosis?

Certain people are at increased risk, including pregnant women, new-borns, people with AIDS or other conditions that impair immunity, and people with cancer, diabetes, alcoholism or liver or kidney disease.

How does one contract listeriosis?

You get it by eating food that's contaminated with Listeria germs. In addition, babies can getthe disease if their mothers eat Listeria-contaminated food during pregnancy.

What is Incubation Period for listeriosis?

The average incubation period is about 30 days. Most healthy adults and children who develop Listeriosis have only a mild flu-like illness or infection of the gut (gastroenteritis), with diarrhoea and sometimes being sick (vomiting).

What if I eat a food that's been recalled?

The Odds that you will get Listeriosis is small even if you eat food that has recalled for listeria contamination. If you have no symptoms, don't worry. People who develop suspicious symptoms within two months of eating a recalled product should alert a doctor if they're in a high-risk group.

How is listerosis treated?

Given promptly, antibiotics can cure listerosis and prevent a fetus from becoming infected. But bear in mind that even with antibiotic therapy, some Listeria infections prove fatal - especially in older adults and people with serious medical problems.

How can I reduce my risk?

Rinse raw vegetables thoroughly under running tap water before eating, and thorough cooking all beef, poultry, and other foods from animal sources. Keep kitchen surfaces clean, and keep uncooked meat and poultry separate from vegetables and cooked and ready-to-eat foods. Be sure to keep your refrigerator clean - as listeria gems can grow even in refrigerated foods.


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